旅游英语素材辅导:舞动西班牙-弗拉门戈

  In 1492, under the rule of King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I, Jews, Gypsies, and Moors were expelled from Spain. Along with native Andalucians, they were forced to take refuge in the Andalucian mountains. There they could escape the Inquisition, which threatened their very survival.
  While in exile, the people of these distinct cultures together conceived a new and exciting musical art form, characterized by pride, passion, and defiant dignity. It incorporated acoustic-guitar playing, singing, chanting, dancing, and staccato hand-clapping. This bold, provocative,1 and unique style was named "Flamenco"。
  Considerable debate surrounds the origins of the word "Flamenco". Some believe it simply means "Flemish"。 Others contend2 that it comes from the Dutch word, vlaming, meaning "fiery", "flaming", or"brightly colored". Others trace it back to the Arabic felag mengu, which refers to all persecuted people who fled to the mountains to escape the Inquisition.
  The intensity of Flamenco inspires a sense of magic, and evokes3 from its audience an intense reaction. The staccato of the dancer's heels against the floor, and the sharp bursts of clapping punctuate the singer's haunting wail. The bright, swirling dresses add to the spectacle, and elicit4 cries of encouragement from the spectators. These elements, along with the musical virtuosity of the guitarists, combine to create a performance which, once seen, is never forgotten.
  公元1492年,在国王费迪南二世和王后伊莎贝拉一世的统治下,犹太人、吉普赛人和摩尔人被逐出西班牙。这些人跟当地的安达卢西亚人一路,被迫在安达卢西亚山区出亡。在那儿,他们才能躲过威胁他们生命的宗教审讯。
  亡命时代,这群有着分歧文化布景的人配合构想出一种崭新并能鼓舞人心的音乐艺术形式,它以孤高、热情和立崖岸的庄严为特征。连系古典吉他的弹奏、讴歌、吟诵、跳舞和断续的击掌。这种斗胆、煽情、并世无双的气概便称作“弗拉门戈”。
  关于“弗拉门戈”一辞书发源人们争论不休。有些人认为它仅仅只是“佛兰德斯的”的意思。其它人则主张它是从荷兰文字“vlaming”而来,意思是“如火的”、“燃烧的”,或“色彩敞亮的”。还有人追溯到阿拉伯文“felag mengu”,指的是那些遭到迫害,逃往山区遁藏宗教审讯的人。
  弗拉门戈的热情激发了神奇的魔力,也博得了不美观众们强烈热闹的反映。跳舞者的脚后跟断续地敲击着地板,伴跟着清脆的击掌声,加倍深了演唱者萦绕的叹伤。鲜艳、飞扬的裙摆使表演排场加倍壮不美观,引得不美观众几回叫好。这各种身分,加上吉他手精湛的音乐技巧,连系起来缔造出一种过目难忘的表演形式。
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