2012年金融英语考试之金融阅读:国际收支平衡表

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金融英语考试之金融阅读:国际收支平衡表

International trade and financial dealings between countries make it necessary for them to make payments to one another.The balance of international payments shows how one country’s total payments relate to all other countries and what it receives from them.It is thus a sort of statement of income and expenditure on international account.Payments and receipts on international account are of three kinds:the visible balance of trade,invisible items,and capital transfers.

The chief payments and receipts arise from trade in goods,payment having to be made for imports and being received from the sale of exports.This is the balance of trade,now also known as the visible balance.Services provided by one country for another also give rise to payments and receipts and the relation between these provides the invisible balance.Invisible items in the balance of international payments include receipts and payments for shipping services,travel and income from investments abroad. A debit balance of international payment is often considered as being unfavourable or adverse or passive,a credit balance being favourable or active.Each country’s balance of international payments must balance each year,for a debit or credit balance must be covered in some way.In the case of a debit balance the deficit may be covered in any one of the following ways; by borrowing;by assistance from the International Monetary Funds;by selling investments abroad;by importing on credit;by gifts from abroad;and by exporting gold.A credit balance can be used to increase investment abroad or to add to a country’s gold reserve.

New Words &Terms

balance of international payment国际收支平衡表

statement of income and expenditure收支对照表,损益表

expenditure n.撑持 visible a.有形的,较着的

balance of trade商业差额 adverse a.相反的,晦气的

invisible a.无形的 passive a.消极的;无利息的;被动的

capital transfer成本转移 visible balance有描摹易差额

credit balance贷方余额 shipping n.海运,装运

cover v.补进,抵补

debit balance借方余额 on credit赊欠生意

unfavorable a.晦气的 gold reserve黄金储蓄

Phrases

Arise from由…而发生 add to增添

in the case of就…来说,至于

Proper Names

International Monetary Fund国际货泉基金织织

Notes

1.International trade and financial dealings between countries make it necessary for them to make payments to one another.

两国间的国际商业及金融生意使彼此之间的付款成为必然。

“ It ”在句中为形式宾语,真正的宾语应为后面的不定式结构,“to make…”。“necessary”为“make”使役动辞书宾语补足语。如: Telegraphic transfer makes speedy payments possible.

2.A debit balance of international payment is often considered as being unfavourable or adverse or passive,a credit balance being favourable or active.

国际收支中的借方余额凡是被认为是晦气的或逆向的或消极的,而贷方余额却是有利的和积极的。

“a credit balance…”与“A debit balance…”为并列句句型结构,所以在第二句中省略了与前面分句不异的部门”is considered as“.例如:

His boss likes traveling on holiday,but he staying at home.

Exercises to the Text

I.Answer the following questions.

1.Why is it necessary for countries to make payment to one another?

2.What is balance of international payments?

3.What is the trade balance?

4.What are listed in the text as some examples of invisible items?

5.What is said to be unfavorable and what favorable?

6.Why is it necessary for each country’s balance of international payments to balance each Other?

7.How can a debit balance be covered?

8.What purpose can be achieved through the use of a credit balance?

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