2012金融英语考试口语辅导:计算

  • 时间:2012-02-06 来源:http://edu.chinawuliu.com.cn 责任编辑:外语考试论坛

  New Words 新单词
  concrete adj.具体的
  addition n.加
  subtraction n.减
  multiplication n.乘
  division n.除
  frequently adv.频仍地
  withdraw v.掏出
  formula n.公式,程式
  plus prep.加
  minus prep.减
  compound v.合成
  times n.倍
  divide v.除
  Phrases & Expressions短语汇
  deal with措置,对于,应付
  interest rate利率
  B:(Teacher) Madam, you have just said that our future work deals with numbers, but whatconcrete work do you mean?
  B:教员,你刚刚说我们未来的工作是同数目打交道,但你具体指的是什么工作?
  C:Madam, please explain this.
  C:教员,请你诠释一下。
  A:All right. This is a good question. There are, in general, four processes in accounting:
  A:好,这个问题提得好。一般说来,在会计营业中有四个方面,
  addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. The most frequently used is addition.
  即加,减,乘,除。最频仍使用的计较是加法。
  Every day we have many current accounts, and every account withdraws money or makes somedeposits.
  天天我们有良多往来帐目,每位帐户要就是取款,或是存款。
  B:When do we use subtraction for current accounts?
  B:在往来帐户中什么时辰要用减法呢?
  A:Very simple. When an amount of money is withdrawn, you must subtract this number from thegeneral deposit,
  A:很简单,例如是取款,你就得存款总额中减去取款的数,
  then write the new amount of deposit in the account book.
  然后在存折上写上新的存款总额。
  C:How do we use English to say this?
  C:那么我们用英语若何说呢?
  A:The formulas for addition:7+9=16, 239+145=384. We say ’seven and nine is (or are) sixteen’,
  A:这里看两个算式:7+9=16,239+145=384。第一个算式我们这样说:seven and nine is (或用are)sixteen,
  but in the latter three-digit number, we should use ’plus’ instead of ’and’,
  但在第二个算式中三位数字的加犯罪例不用and,而用plus,
  we say ’two hundred and thirty-nine plus one (a) hundred and forty-five is (or equals) threehundred and eighty-four.’
  我们得这样说:two hundred and thirty-nine plus one (或用a)hundred and forty-five isleaves(或用equals)three hundred and eighty-four。
  B:How about subtraction?
  B:那减法若何说呢?
  A:Look at these two formulas:8-5=3, 543-216=327. In the first formula,
  A:看这两个算题:8-5=3 ,543-216=327。第一个算式,
  we say ’five from eight leaves (or is) three’, or ’eight minus five is three’.
  我们说:five from eight leaves(或用is )three ,另一种说法是:eight miuns five is three。
  In the latter threedigit number we should use ’minus’:
  在第二个三位数字算式我们应该用“minus”,
  five hundred and forty-three minus two hundred and sixteen equals three hundred and twenty-seven.
  我们就得这样说:five hundred and forty-three minus two hundred and sixteen equals threehundred and twenty-seven。
  C:When do we use multiplication and division?
  C:什么时辰我们用乘法和除法?
  A:Multiplication and division are used to calculate interest rates.
  A:乘法,除法用在计较利率。
  Every savings deposit compounds the amount of interest.
  每一个存款帐本中都包含有利息。
  We should use ’times’ or ’multiply’ to express this. For the simple formula:4*6=24,
  这种乘法我们得用times或是multiply 来暗示。拿这个4*6=24简单的算式来说吧,
  we can say four sixes are twenty-four, but for the larger numbers, such as 18*243=4374
  我们说four sixes are twenty-four ,但在大数目中,如18*243=4372,
  we say eighteen times two hundred and fortythree makes (or is) four thousand three hundred andseventy-four,
  我们就得说:eighteen times two hundred and forty-three makes(或用is)four thousand threehundred and seven-four,
  but more formally:18 multiplied by 243 equals 4374.
  但一般较正式的用法是:18 multiplied by 243 equals 4374。
  B:Is division used in accounting?
  B:在会计工作中除法用不用?
  A:Well, in big firms, companies, enterprises, joint ventures and others,
  A:在大商行,大公司,大企业和连系企业等大的金融机构内,
  sometimes the amount of investments are large,
  有时投资的量相当大,
  and everyday current accounts are very complex, so all those processes have to be used.
  天天的往来帐目又相当复杂,所以这几种计较法都得用上。
  C:Can you give us some examples on division?
  C:能不能再给我们举个例子说说除法?
  A:A simple one is 9/3=3, we say three into nine goes three;
  A:如简单的算题9/3=3,我们说:three into nine goes three:
  296/8=37, we say two hundred and ninety-six divided by eight equals thirty-seven.
  在大大都除法算式中如296/8=37,我们得说two hundred and ninety-six divided by eight equalsthirty-seven。
  B,C:Thanks a lot, Madam!
  B,C:多谢你,教员。

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